National survey shows that library cuts have begun to bite

10-12-2012

A reduction in the number of libraries occurred in 2011-2012 according to a UK-wide libraries survey. Between 2010 and 2011 the survey shows a reduction of 146 library service points, however in 2011-12 this figure increased to more than 200*.

The Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy’s (CIPFA) UK Annual Libraries Survey, published today, shows a continued increase in the number of volunteers and a continued decrease in the number of staff. The full time equivalent number of staff is down by 8%, compared to a 4.3% reduction in the previous year, while the number of volunteers has increased by 8.9% compared to a 22.5% increase last year**.

With a reduction in library funding coupled with a reduced number of library visits by the public, the overall number of books issued has also decreased. However, children’s fiction saw an increase in both 2010-11 and 2011-12.

Julian Mund, CIPFA’s Product Development Director, commented,

“Local authorities across the UK are working hard to identify savings and reduce their spending. Although there has been a large increase in the number of libraries and mobile libraries closing, it is important to note that the largest, most popular and most viable libraries are largely staying open.

“An increase in the number of children’s fiction books issued and the increase in volunteers shows how libraries continue to be seen as much valued hubs for their communities.”

ENDS

Contact: Tim Windle

CIPFA Press Office

t 020 7543 5787

e tim.windle@cipfa.org.uk

Notes to Editors:

  • * There was an overall reduction of 201 library service points in 2011-12. This is a total figure including library closures and new libraries opening. A library service point is any library, static or mobile, through which the public library authority provides or directly manages a service to the general public.
  • **Staff and volunteer numbers are not directly comparable. Staff are measured by ‘full time equivalent’ while each volunteer is counted once regardless of how many hours they work per week.
  • Headline figures from the latest CIPFA library statistics are available on request and will be available from www.cipfastats.net from Monday 10 December, with the full dataset available to subscribers.
  • Library Statistics:

Total net expenditure on the UK library service

 

 

 

2010-11 Actuals (£000s)

2011-12 Actuals (£000s)

 % change

2012-13 Estimates (£000s)

 % change

2010-11 to 2012-13 %

Total Expenditure

 

1,158,834

1,098,399

-5.2%

1,049,922

-4.4%

-9.4%

Total Income

 

92,424

86,893

-6.0%

86,639

-0.3%

-6.3%

Net Expenditure

 

1,066,410

1,011,506

-5.1%

963,284

-4.8%

-9.7%


UK library service points and facilities

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

% change over last year

Number of service points

4,612

4,466

4,265

-4.5%

Number of terminals with library catalogue and internet access

43,294

43,465

43,365

-0.2%

Number of electronic workstations available to users per 10,000 population

7.01

6.98

6.86

-1.8%

Number of web visits (000s)

120,399

114,142

97,721

-14.4%


Analysis of Staff and Volunteers in UK libraries

 

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

% change over last year

Total Staff (F.T.E)

25,769

25,648

24,746

23,663

21,780

-8.0%

Total Volunteers

15,008

15,894

17,550

21,494

23,397

8.9%


UK Visits and Usage

2009-10

 2010-11

2011-12

% change over last year

Visits to library premises (000s)

322,111

313,987

306,591

-2.4%

Visits per 1,000 population

5,213

5,043

4,849

-3.8%

Active borrowers (000s)

12,078

11,920

11,412

-4.3%


Annual Issues - Books:

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

% change over last year

- Adult Fiction (000s)

142,759

137,313

129,913

-5.4%

- Adult Non-Fiction (000s)

69,962

65,876

61,064

-7.3%

- Children Fiction (000s)

81,266

81,582

81,811

0.3%

- Children Non-Fiction (000s)

15,335

15,233

14,717

-3.4%


  • The busiest libraries in the UK are:

 

Top 20 by number of issues per annum

 

1

Norfolk

Norfolk & Norwich Millennium

1,184,435

2

Oxfordshire

Oxford Central

680,994

3

Essex

Chelmsford

638,084

4

Cambridgeshire

Cambridge Central Library

626,497

5

Cardiff

Cardiff Central

579,523

6

Milton Keynes

Milton Keynes Central

549,106

7

Derbyshire

Chesterfield

526,983

8

Brighton & Hove

Brighton Jubilee

501,198

9

Swansea

Swansea Central

499,196

10

City of London

Barbican

477,145

11

West Sussex

Crawley

469,922

12

Birmingham

Birmingham Central

469,376

13

Southend-on-Sea

Southend

465,157

14

Devon

Exeter

457,459

15

Sutton

Sutton

448,777

16

Edinburgh

Edinburgh Central

448,142

17

North Yorkshire

Harrogate

442,427

18

Windsor & Maidenhead

Maidenhead

437,202

19

York

York Explore

427,142

20

Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle City

425,851


 

Top 20 by number of visits per annum

 

1

Norfolk

Norfolk & Norwich Millennium

1,343,828

2

Birmingham

Birmingham Central

1,200,750

3

Croydon

Croydon Central

1,021,902

4

Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle City

986,860

5

Brighton & Hove

Brighton Jubilee

955,163

6

Hounslow

Hounslow

885,605

7

Cambridgeshire

Cambridge Central Library

853,979

8

Dundee

Central Library Dundee

814,241

9

Kirklees

Huddersfield

757,229

10

Leeds

Leeds Central

734,233

11

Tower Hamlets

Idea Store Whitechapel

714,674

12

Sheffield

Sheffield Central

705,121

13

Haringey

Wood Green Central

685,424

14

Derbyshire

Chesterfield

683,784

15

Essex

Colchester

666,414

16

Glasgow

Mitchell Library

662,784

17

Barnet

Hendon

656,625

18

Sutton

Sutton

642,050

19

Barking & Dagenham

Barking Learning Centre

630,702

20

Milton Keynes

Milton Keynes Central

607,251


These figures are based on returns to the CIPFA Public Library Actuals survey 2011-12.

The CIPFA survey asks for the library with the most visits and also the library with the most issues in a year, therefore only one library can qualify per authority. There is a small possibility that one authority could have a second library that would appear in the top 20 libraries.  E.g. Chelmsford in Essex is the most visited library is Essex, however Chelmsford has higher issues, so if Colchester has >450,000 issues per annum it will still not be included in the above top 20.

About CIPFA

CIPFA, the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy, is the professional body for people in public finance. Our 14,000 members work throughout the public services, in national audit agencies, in major accountancy firms, and in other bodies where public money needs to be effectively and efficiently managed. As the world’s only professional accountancy body to specialise in public services, CIPFA’s portfolio of qualifications are the foundation for a career in public finance. They include the benchmark professional qualification for public sector accountants as well as a postgraduate diploma for people already working in leadership positions. They are taught by our in-house CIPFA Education and Training Centre as well as other places of learning around the world. We also champion high performance in public services, translating our experience and insight into clear advice and practical services. They include information and guidance, courses and conferences, property and asset management solutions, consultancy and interim people for a range of public sector clients. Globally, CIPFA shows the way in public finance by standing up for sound public financial management and good governance. We work with donors, partner governments, accountancy bodies and the public sector around the world to advance public finance and support better public services.