CIPFA issues new Prudential and Treasury Management codes


CIPFA has today published the new Prudential Code for Capital Finance in Local Authorities (Prudential Code) and Treasury Management in the Public Services Code of Practice and Cross-Sectoral Guidance Notes (the Treasury Management Code) following a consultation period.

These two statutory and professional codes are important regulatory elements of the capital finance framework within which local authorities operate. Local authorities are required by regulation to 'have regard to' their provisions.

The consultations, which preceded publication, included relevant extracts for changes to the supporting guidance on each of the codes. Guidance notes will follow shortly in the new year.

Richard Lloyd-Bithell, Senior Policy and Technical Manager at CIPFA, said: "Both codes have been subject to a full and extensive consultation process and received significant response rates with more than 100 responses for each respective consultation.

"We welcome the thoughtful challenges and contributions of the sector and are pleased that the majority of respondents were supportive of the proposed changes, summarised below, with very few expressing direct opposition. CIPFA looks forward to publishing an analysis of the consultation questions this week."

The updated Prudential Code includes the following as the focus of the substantive changes:

  • The provisions in the code, which present the approach to borrowing in advance of need in order to profit from additional sums borrowed, have been strengthened. The relevant parts of the code have augmented to be clear that borrowing for debt-for-yield investment is not permissible under the Prudential Code. This recognises that commercial activity is part of regeneration but underlines that such transactions do not include debt-for yield as the primary purpose of the investment or represent an unnecessary risk to public funds.
  • Proportionality has been included as an objective in the Prudential Code. New provisions have been added so that an authority incorporates an assessment of risk to levels of resources used for capital purposes.
  • A new requirement has been added so that capital strategies are required to report investments under the following headings: service, treasury management and commercial investments.

The main changes to the updated Treasury Management Code and the accompanying guidance for local authorities are as follows:

  • Investment management practices and other recommendations relating to non-treasury investments are included within the Treasury Management Practices (TMPs) alongside existing TMPs.
  • The guidance will recommend the introduction of the Liability Benchmark as a treasury management indicator for local government bodies (note that CIPFA has issued a toolkit to assist local authorities with the production of this indicator).
  • Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) risks are incorporated into TMP1 (Risk Management) rather than a separate TMP 13.
  • The purpose and objective of each category of investments should be described within the Treasury Management Strategy.

Notes to Editor

The new codes will have a soft launch of its provisions for the 2022/23 financial year. Where possible, local authorities should make their best endeavours to adhere to their provisions and not undertake any new investments which would not be consistent with the changes. The codes will be fully implemented in the 2023/24 financial year. Authorities therefore do not have to amend or revise any treasury or capital strategies for 2022/23 to incorporate the additional disclosure requirements for investment categories and new indicators.

CIPFA undertook a principles-based consultation on the codes from February to April 2021, which was then followed by a second consultation on the detailed changes to the codes from September to November 2021.


CIPFA, the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy, is the professional body for people in public finance. CIPFA shows the way in public finance globally, standing up for sound public financial management and good governance around the world as the leading commentator on managing and accounting for public money.

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